Motto: "I thu chhiarin a siam che"

Monday, August 31, 2009

The Healthy Pastoral Leader

By: Author Unknown

In his research of leaders, both historical and contemporary, author Robert Clinton found that few leaders actually finish the race well. His two books, The Making of a Leader (NavPress) and The Mentor Handbook (Barnabas), explain that finishing well could be defined as a life that until its end is increasingly more in love with Christ, more committed to His service and more devoted to godly leadership.
What causes a leader to continue to grow, to stay on track and to finish well in life and ministry?

Five Habits of effectiveness. Effective leaders learn to become intentional about their character growth and formation. In this development of a leader we can make three general observations:

1. God develops a leader over a lifetime;
2. God uses people, circumstances and ministry assignments to shape the life of a leader; and
3. Leadership plateau is often indicative of a growth issue within a leader's life.
To help us become more intentional about our health as leaders, let's explore five insights from leaders who have finished well.

1. Healthy leaders are lifelong learners. Leaders pursue three types of training: personal training, (personal growth, projects, personal research); informal training (workshops, seminars, conferences); and formal training (continuing education, degree programs).

2. Healthy leaders are committed to serve and develop others. Be alert to potential leaders in your sphere of influence (II Cor. 1:3-4; II Tim. 2:2).

3. Healthy leaders have a dynamic view of life and ministry. There are three key elements to a personal mission statement - biblical purpose, values and vision.

4. Healthy leaders experience repeated times of renewal. Effective, godly leaders develop intimacy with God, which in turn overflows into all areas of their ministry. The essential ingredient of leadership is the powerful presence of God in a leader's life and ministry. Leaders incorporate the spiritual disciplines into their walk.

5. Healthy leaders have a life perspective. God brings along many destiny experiences to shape a leader's ministry. Leaders manifest a growing awareness of their sense of destiny.

Sunday, August 30, 2009

Awards and Honors to the Dalai Lama

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to the Dalai Lama in 2006

The Dalai Lama has received numerous awards over his spiritual and political career. On 22 June 2006, he became one of only four people ever to be recognized with Honorary Citizenship by the Governor General of Canada. On 28 May 2005, he received the Christmas Humphreys Award from the Buddhist Society in the United Kingdom. Most notable was the Nobel Peace Prize, presented in Oslo on 10 December 1989 (see below).

Other notable awards and honors include:
• Honorary citizenship of Paris on 7 June 2009
• German Media Prize Berlin on 10 February 2009
• Honorary citizenship of Italy in Venice on 10 February 2009
• Honorary citizenship of Rome on 10 February 2009
• Honorary Doctoral Degree from Jagiellonian University on 8 December 2008
• Honorary Degree from Lehigh University on 13 July 2008
• Honorary citizenship of Wrocław,[129] voted 24 June 2008
• Honorary Doctoral Degree of Philosophy from London's Metropolitan

University on 21 May 2008

• Honorary citizenship of Paris,[132] voted 21 April 2008, the same day as Hu Jia
• Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letter from the University of Washington in April 2008
• Inaugural Hofstra University Guru Nanak Interfaith Prize on 24 March 2008
• Honorary Doctorate in chemistry and pharmacy from University of Münster on 20 September 2007
• Honorary Doctorate from Southern Cross University on 8 June 2007
• Presidential Distinguished Professorship from Emory University in February 2007
• Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters conferred by the State University of New York at Buffalo in September 2006
• Honorary citizenship of Canada in 2006
• Honorary citizenship of Ukraine, during the anniversary of the Nobel Prize on 9 December 2006 in Mc Leod Ganj.
• United States Congressional Gold Medal on 27 September 2006
• Key to New York City from Mayor Bloomberg on 25 September 2005
• Honorary Doctoral Degree of Philosophy from University of Tartu, Estonia on 27 May 2005
• Honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of British Columbia on 19 April, 2004
• Honorary Fellowship of Liverpool John Moores University 27 May 2004
• Jaime Brunet Prize for Human Rights on 9 October 2003
• International League for Human Rights Award on 19 September 2003
• Honorary Doctoral Degree from University of San Francisco on 5 September 2003
• Life Achievement Award from Hadassah Women's Zionist Organization on 24 November 1999
• Four Freedoms Award from the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute on 4 June 1994
• World Security Annual Peace Award from the Lawyers Alliance for New York on 27 April 1994
• Berkeley Medal from University of California, Berkeley, on 20 April 1994
• Peace and Unity Awards from the National Peace conference on 23 August 1991
• Earth Prize from the United Earth and U.N. Environmental Program on 5 June 1991
• Advancing Human Liberty from the Freedom House on 17 April 1991
• Le Prix de la Memoire from the Fondation Danielle Mitterrand on 4 December 1989
• Raoul Wallenberg Human Rights Award (or Raoul Wallenberg Congressional Human Rights Award) from the Congressional Human Rights Caucus on 21 July 1989
• Key to Los Angeles from Mayor Bradley in September 1979
• Key to San Francisco from Mayor Feinstein on 27 September 1979

Nobel Peace Prize

On 10 December 1989 the Dalai Lama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. The committee recognized his efforts in "the struggle of the liberation of Tibet and the efforts for a peaceful resolution instead of using violence." The chairman of the Nobel committee said that the award was "in part a tribute to the memory of Mahatma Gandhi." In his acceptance speech the Dalai Lama criticized China for using force against student protesters during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. He said their efforts were not in vain. His speech focused on the importance of the continued use of non-violence and his desire to maintain a dialogue with China to try and resolve the situation.

1. Reign- 17 November 1950 – present
2. Predecessor- Thubten Gyatso
3. Tibetan བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ
4. Wylie bstan ’dzin rgya mtsho
5. Pronounciation tɛ̃tsĩ catsʰo (IPA)
6. Transcription
7. (PRC) Dainzin Gyaco
8. TDHL Tenzin Gyatso
9. Chinese 丹增嘉措
10. Pinyin Dānzēng Jiācuò
11. Father- Choekyong Tsering
12. Mother- Diki Tsering
13. Born- 6 July 1935 (1935-07-06) (age 74)
14. Taktser, Qinghai (previously, Amdo, Tibet)

Saturday, August 29, 2009

US President John F. Kennedy-a Chanchin Tawi

US President-te zinga a naupang ber chu Theodore Roosevelt-a kha a ni a, a dawttu chu John F. Kennedy-a hi a ni. Mi tam zawk chuan JFK tiin an hre lar hle a, kum 1961 khan President nihna a chelh tan a, a term khat pawh a chelh zawh hmain thah a ni a, US mipuite chuan an uiin an sun nasa hle a ni.

Kum 1917 May Ni 29 khan Massachusetts state, Brookline-ah a piang a, a naupan lai chuan John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy tiin an ko thin. Khawvel Indopui II-na khan sipaia tang ve in, South Pacific inbeihnaah Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 commander a ni a, chumi hnu chuan pawlitik lamah a zuangkai ve ta a.

Friday, August 28, 2009

Famous Quotes by Thomas Jefferson

1. "I believe that every human mind feels pleasure in doing good to another." —Thomas Jefferson on Advice

2. "My only fear is that I may live too long. This would be a subject of dread to me." —Thomas Jefferson on Age

Thursday, August 27, 2009

All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry

In 1901 the very first Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jacobus H. van 't Hoff for his work on rates of reaction, chemical equilibrium, and osmotic pressure. In more recent years, the Chemistry Nobel Laureates have increased our understanding of chemical processes and their molecular basis, and have also contributed to many of the technological advancements we enjoy today.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to 153 individuals since 1901. (Frederick Sanger was awarded the prize in both 1958 and 1980.)

• 2008 - Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie, Roger Y. Tsien
• 2007 - Gerhard Ertl
• 2006 - Roger D. Kornberg
• 2005 - Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs, Richard R. Schrock
• 2004 - Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko, Irwin Rose
• 2003 - Peter Agre, Roderick MacKinnon
• 2002 - John B. Fenn, Koichi Tanaka, Kurt Wüthrich
• 2001 - William S. Knowles, Ryoji Noyori, K. Barry Sharpless
• 2000 - Alan Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid, Hideki Shirakawa
• 1999 - Ahmed Zewail
• 1998 - Walter Kohn, John Pople
• 1997 - Paul D. Boyer, John E. Walker, Jens C. Skou
• 1996 - Robert F. Curl Jr., Sir Harold Kroto, Richard E. Smalley
• 1995 - Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina, F. Sherwood Rowland
• 1994 - George A. Olah
• 1993 - Kary B. Mullis, Michael Smith
• 1992 - Rudolph A. Marcus
• 1991 - Richard R. Ernst
• 1990 - Elias James Corey
• 1989 - Sidney Altman, Thomas R. Cech
• 1988 - Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber, Hartmut Michel
• 1987 - Donald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn, Charles J. Pedersen
• 1986 - Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee, John C. Polanyi
• 1985 - Herbert A. Hauptman, Jerome Karle
• 1984 - Bruce Merrifield
• 1983 - Henry Taube
• 1982 - Aaron Klug
• 1981 - Kenichi Fukui, Roald Hoffmann
• 1980 - Paul Berg, Walter Gilbert, Frederick Sanger
• 1979 - Herbert C. Brown, Georg Wittig
• 1978 - Peter Mitchell
• 1977 - Ilya Prigogine
• 1976 - William Lipscomb
• 1975 - John Cornforth, Vladimir Prelog
• 1974 - Paul J. Flory
• 1973 - Ernst Otto Fischer, Geoffrey Wilkinson
• 1972 - Christian Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William H. Stein
• 1971 - Gerhard Herzberg
• 1970 - Luis Leloir
• 1969 - Derek Barton, Odd Hassel
• 1968 - Lars Onsager
• 1967 - Manfred Eigen, Ronald G.W. Norrish, George Porter
• 1966 - Robert S. Mulliken
• 1965 - Robert B. Woodward
• 1964 - Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
• 1963 - Karl Ziegler, Giulio Natta
• 1962 - Max F. Perutz, John C. Kendrew
• 1961 - Melvin Calvin
• 1960 - Willard F. Libby
• 1959 - Jaroslav Heyrovsky
• 1958 - Frederick Sanger
• 1957 - Lord Todd
• 1956 - Sir Cyril Hinshelwood, Nikolay Semenov
• 1955 - Vincent du Vigneaud
• 1954 - Linus Pauling
• 1953 - Hermann Staudinger
• 1952 - Archer J.P. Martin, Richard L.M. Synge
• 1951 - Edwin M. McMillan, Glenn T. Seaborg
• 1950 - Otto Diels, Kurt Alder
• 1949 - William F. Giauque
• 1948 - Arne Tiselius
• 1947 - Sir Robert Robinson
• 1946 - James B. Sumner, John H. Northrop, Wendell M. Stanley
• 1945 - Artturi Virtanen
• 1944 - Otto Hahn
• 1943 - George de Hevesy
• 1942 - The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1941 - The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1940 - The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1939 - Adolf Butenandt, Leopold Ruzicka
• 1938 - Richard Kuhn
• 1937 - Norman Haworth, Paul Karrer
• 1936 - Peter Debye
• 1935 - Frédéric Joliot, Irène Joliot-Curie
• 1934 - Harold C. Urey
• 1933 - The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1932 - Irving Langmuir
• 1931 - Carl Bosch, Friedrich Bergius
• 1930 - Hans Fischer
• 1929 - Arthur Harden, Hans von Euler-Chelpin
• 1928 - Adolf Windaus
• 1927 - Heinrich Wieland
• 1926 - The Svedberg
• 1925 - Richard Zsigmondy
• 1924 - The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1923 - Fritz Pregl
• 1922 - Francis W. Aston
• 1921 - Frederick Soddy
• 1920 - Walther Nernst
• 1919 - The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1918 - Fritz Haber
• 1917 - The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1916 - The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
• 1915 - Richard Willstätter
• 1914 - Theodore W. Richards
• 1913 - Alfred Werner
• 1912 - Victor Grignard, Paul Sabatier
• 1911 - Marie Curie
• 1910 - Otto Wallach
• 1909 - Wilhelm Ostwald
• 1908 - Ernest Rutherford
• 1907 - Eduard Buchner
• 1906 - Henri Moissan
• 1905 - Adolf von Baeyer
• 1904 - Sir William Ramsay
• 1903 - Svante Arrhenius
• 1902 - Emil Fischer
• 1901 - Jacobus H. van 't Hoff


Monday, August 24, 2009

Famous Quotes by Bill Clinton

Famous Quotes by Bill Clinton

1. "It's the economy, stupid." —Bill Clinton on Finance and Economics

2. "I ask you to join in a re-United States. We need to empower our people so they can take more responsibility for their own lives in a world that is ever smaller, where everyone counts. We need a new spirit of community, a sense that we are all in this together, or the American Dream will continue to wither. Our destiny is bound up with the destiny of every other American." —Bill Clinton on Politics Government

Quotes about Clinton

Bill Clinton is generally viewed as one smart politician, having been twice elected the President, helped by lackluster Robert Dole, having survived the Lewinsky sex scandal, lying under oath about sex, and impeachment. When is it all about himself, he is cunningly smart. Ralph Nader, Washington Times, January 28, 2008. The idea of Bill Clinton back in the White House with nothing to do is something I just can't imagine. Mitt Romney, Republican Debates, January 25, 2008. Then the big white whale, Clinton. What about someone who is a war criminal, a taker of bribes from foreign dictatorships, almost certainly a rapist (plausibly accused, anyway, by three believable women, of rape), executed a black man (Ricky Ray Rector) who was so mentally retarded that he was unable to plead or to understand the charges â" You're against all that, right? But you're for it when it's someone who you think is a "New Democrat". "Conversations with History: A Dissenting Voice", interview by Harry Kreisler (2002-04-25)
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Sunday, August 23, 2009

To Be An Effective Leader

By: Author Unknown

In his book The Next Generation Leader, Andy Stanley offers 5 valid points to consider if you desire to be an effective leader. We highly recommend this book to anyone in a leadership position.

1. Face it, you are not as good as you could be. So what are you going to do about it? The only way to go farther, faster, is to engage outside help. You can maximize your leadership potential by getting a coach...or two.

2. Find someone to observe you in a variety of leadership settings. Outside input is critical. Even if you could watch yourself in a mirror twenty-four hours day, you would never see yourself as others see you.

3. Select a coach who has no axe to grind and not reason to be anything except brutally honest. He need not be an expert in your field. What your coach must be able to do , however, is put himself in the shoes of those who are influenced by your leadership.

4. Try to find someone who can articulate his thoughts with clarity and precision. You don't need glaring generalities; you need to know exactly what needs to be repeated and deleted in your leadership.

5. Become a coach. As we learn to do by doing, we learn to accept by giving.

Wednesday, August 19, 2009

All Laureates in Economics

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel has been awarded to 62 individuals since 1969.

• 2008 - Paul Krugman 
• 2007 - Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin, Roger B. Myerson 
• 2006 - Edmund S. Phelps 
• 2005 - Robert J. Aumann, Thomas C. Schelling 
• 2004 - Finn E. Kydland, Edward C. Prescott 
• 2003 - Robert F. Engle III, Clive W.J. Granger 
• 2002 - Daniel Kahneman, Vernon L. Smith 
• 2001 - George A. Akerlof, A. Michael Spence, Joseph E. Stiglitz 
• 2000 - James J. Heckman, Daniel L. McFadden 
• 1999 - Robert A. Mundell 
• 1998 - Amartya Sen 
• 1997 - Robert C. Merton, Myron S. Scholes
• 1996 - James A. Mirrlees, William Vickrey 
• 1995 - Robert E. Lucas Jr. 
• 1994 - John C. Harsanyi, John F. Nash Jr., Reinhard Selten 
• 1993 - Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C. North 
• 1992 - Gary S. Becker
• 1991 - Ronald H. Coase 
• 1990 - Harry M. Markowitz, Merton H. Miller, William F. Sharpe
• 1989 - Trygve Haavelmo 
• 1988 - Maurice Allais 
• 1987 - Robert M. Solow 
• 1986 - James M. Buchanan Jr
• 1985 - Franco Modigliani
• 1984 - Richard Stone 
• 1983 - Gerard Debreu
• 1982 - George J. Stigler
• 1981 - James Tobin 
• 1980 - Lawrence R. Klein 
• 1979 - Theodore W. Schultz, Sir Arthur Lewis
• 1978 - Herbert A. Simon 
• 1977 - Bertil Ohlin, James E. Meade 
• 1976 - Milton Friedman 
• 1975 - Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich, Tjalling C. Koopmans 
• 1974 - Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich August von Hayek
• 1973 - Wassily Leontief
• 1972 - John R. Hicks, Kenneth J. Arrow
• 1971 - Simon Kuznets
• 1970 - Paul A. Samuelson
• 1969 - Ragnar Frisch, Jan Tinbergen 

Source: www.Nobelprize.org

Sunday, August 16, 2009


By: Thangmawia
San Chaung, Yaogon 

Tun laiin kan ramah (Myanmar-ah) “SAYA” tih tawngkam hi kan hmang uar hle a, Yangon khawpuiah hlei hlei kan uar leh zual. Keini ‘eng a’ hmang ho (a bikin Tahan Mizo ho) pawh ka bang chuang lo. Sunday School naupang hovin an zirtirtu mipa chu “SAYA” tiin an ko deuh vek mai, chutiangin Summer School zirtirtute pawh. Eng ual ni lo mah ila mipa kum 20 vel atanga chhunglam zawng hi chuan Yangon hmun tin hmun tangah “SAYA” tia kotu hi kan tawng leh nawlh thin.

Saturday, August 15, 2009

Zofate Hmathlir 1-na

By: Alex Dinga
Do all the good you can, By all the means you can, In all the ways you can, in all the places you can, At all the times you can, to all the people you can, As long as ever you can.

Zofate hi Tribal Society kal pel a, industrious Stage ah lut mek kan nih avangin kan value systems, morality, cultural heritage, traditional heritages leh kan life-style chi hrang hrang hi kan siamthat emaw thlakthleng tur tam tak a awm ta. Mithiam leh mi thahnemngai tak tak ten durbin hrang hrangin Zofate hma an lo thlir thin a. Thu leh hla in ram an la mek zel a. Tunah pawh hei, Zofate hmathlir khatna kan nei leh dawn a ni.

Friday, August 14, 2009

Top 10 Lefties

1. Barack Obama

In the past hundred years, the U.S. presidency has veered more and more to the left —not in policy, but in handedness. Barack Obama is the latest to join a long list of left-handed presidents from the 20th century: James Garfield, Herbert Hoover, Henry Truman, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton were all southpaws.

What makes lefties so electable? Some experts think left-handed people have a greater aptitude for language skills, which may help them craft the rhetoric necessary for political office. And as for the bout of recent left-handed presidents, some think it's because teachers only recently stopped working to convert lefties to righties at an early age.

Thursday, August 13, 2009

Quotes of Aristotle

Αριστοτέλης (Aristotelēs; Aristotle)(384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was a Greek thinker and scientist.

1. "He who has overcome his fears will truly be free."

Simple English: Someone who does not let fear stop him will really be free.

2. "I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies."

Simple English: Someone who does not let his desires stop him seems to me to have a stronger mind (less fear) than someone who does not let his enemies stop him.

3. "In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous."

Simple English: In every thing of nature, there is something to make a person wonder and feel good.

Wednesday, August 12, 2009

5 Compliments Every Woman Loves To Hear

By: YourTango

Words of appreciation spoken directly to your romantic partner go far in paving the way to a happy, healthy relationship. What is sometimes too easily forgotten: disagreements among couples (from trifling to serious) can nearly always be overcome with a few words of gratitude from a partner (a.k.a., a healthy dose of authentic compliments). But it takes more than a "Hey Baby, you're hot" to really win points with your partner here. These are the top five compliments every woman loves to hear. If you can't remember the words verbatim, remember the key principles: appreciation, support and acceptance. This is the triage to a strong, lasting and powerful romantic endeavor.

Sunday, August 9, 2009

Unfinished Business of Six-Day War

Kum 1948 khan Britist kaihruaina leh UN rorelna chuan Palestine ram chu state pahnihin a thenhrang a, state pakhatah chuan Hitler-a hun laia Juda mi maktaduai 6-te an awm a, a dang state-ah chuan Palestine Arab mite an awm bawk a ni. Arab ram tam zawkte chuan UN rorel dan chu an duh lova, Israel-in zalenna a puan tum pawh khan Israel leh Arab tangrual sipaite chu nasa takin an indo va, chu indona chu The War of Independence tia koh a ni a, Arabic tawng erawh chuan AL Naqba tia koh a ni thung.

Israel-in independence a puan tum khan Israel leh Arab-te chu nasa takin an indo a, Arab-ho an tlawm tak avangin mi tam tak chu chhak leh thlang chhim leh hmarah an tlanchhia a, an In leh Lo te pawh ui em em chungin an tlansan vek a ni. Indonaa Arab-ho an tlawm ta chu zahthlak an tiin an thin a na hle a. Arabs ramte chuan nikhat khata Israel chunga phuba lak chu an tum lian ber a ni. Chu rilru avang chuan Arab hruaitute leh lalte pawh an awm hle hle thei lova, enganga phuba lak tur nge ni ang tih chu an thupui ber a lo ni ta a ni.

Friday, August 7, 2009

The Shew Project

Kum 2000 August thla khan Daewoo International (South Korea) leh Myanmar Oil & Gas Interprise (M.O.G.E)-te chuan Arakan (Rakhing State) tuipui chung atanga oil & gas lakchhuah dan ngaihtuahin remtihna (contract agreement) an siam a. Daewoo-in oil & gas chhuahtheihna hmun hrang hrang a zawn hnu chuan kum 2004 khan A-1 tia hming an pek gas lakchhuahna hmun tha tak mai an hmuchhuah thu an puang a. Thla rei vak lo hnuah chuan a kiang lawkah pawh oil & gas chhuahtheihna hmun zau tak an hmuh belh leh a, chu hmun chu A-3 tiin hming an pe bawk a ni.

Heng hmuna an hmuhchhuah oil & gas zawng zawngte hi US Company-in a chhut a, a vaiin 5.4- 9.1 trillion cubit feet (tfc) a tling a, chhuttu thenkhat erawh chuan he hmun atanga an lakchhuah theih zat tur chu 5.7- 10 trillion cubit feet (tfc) a tlin an ring a ni. Daewoo-in a chhut dan chuan he oil & gas atanga a lakchhuah tur 4.5 - 7.7 cubit feet- chu ram danga a zawrchhuah theih a beisei a ni.

Shew Gas Movement (SGM) ten an chhut dan chuan gas cubit feet mattaduai khata US$ 4.41 billion an hmu thei a nih chuan cubit feet 9.1-ah chuan US$ 40.1 billion an hmu dawn tihna a ni. Heng an sum hmuhchhuah tur zing atang hian sipai sawrkarin kum 20 chhungin US$24 billion a chang ve ang a, kumkhatah US$ 1.2 billion a dawng dawn tihna a ni. Heng an sum hmuhchhuahte atang hian defence budget (Kakuaiyi) atan 40% vel chauh an hmang ang a, a dang zawng chu kawiah nge an hman dawn tih tuma hriat a ni lo.

A hnuaiah hian Shew Project Block A-1 leh Block A-3-a stake holder neitute hming list leh stake holder an neih zat percentage (%) i han thlir the ang u.

Corporate Stake Holders in the Shew Fields:

1. Daewoo International (South Korea based)- 51%
2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, ONGC Videsh- (India based)- 17.5%
3. Korean Gas Corporation, KOGAS (South Korea based)– 8.5%
4. Gas Authority of India Limited, GAIL (India based)– 8.5%
5. Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise (M.O.G.E) (Burma)- 15%

Daewoo International hian Burma hmun hrang hranga oil & gas a zawn zel theih nan Burma Sipai sawrkar hnenah phalna (Production Sharing Contract, PCS.) a lei tel bawk a, he phalna atana cheng a pek chuah ni lovin Daewoo-in gas a zawrchhuah hunah pawh Production Sharing Contract-a remtihna hming ziahtu, Burma hruaitute hnenah lawmman a hranin a pe tel bawk dawn a ni.

Kum 2008 pawh khan Daewoo, M.O.G.E., leh China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)-te chuan remtihna an siam a, chu remtihna kaltlang chuan tunah hian Arakan (Rakhaing State), Kyauk Phyu atangin China ram Kunming thlenga gas pipe line project an buaipui mek a, he pipe line hi km 1,800 a ni ang a, Burma ram chhungah chuan km 990 an zawm dawn a ni. CNPC-in Burma atanga a lei gas-te chu China ram Yunnan Province-ah a zuarchhawng leh dawn a ni.

He mi kum vek hian India atanga Eassar company pawhin Sittew-ah hmun a rawn khuar bawk a, 2008 October atangin khawmual chunga gas lakchhuahna Block- L atang leh tuipui chung atanga lakchhuahna Block-A-1 atangte in gas a lachhuak tan dawn a ni tiin Hindu Business Line chuan a tarlang a ni. Easser leh M.O.G.E.-te chuan 2005 May thla atang tawh khan Block-L leh Block A-1 atanga gas lakchhuak turin remtihna an lo siam daih tawh a, Easser hian Block- L atang leh Block A-1 atangin share holder 100% a nei bawk a ni.

China atanga CNPC-in a pek cheng aiin India atanga GAIL-in a pek cheng tam zawk mah se Burma ram hruaitute chuan China CNPC-a gas hralh chu an thlang ta zawk a, thlirtu tam tak chuan hetianga GAIL a hnawl tak zawkna chhan chu US leh EU-ten Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek an tum pawha UN rorelnaa veto power nei zawk China chuan Burma ram a tan dawn tih an hriat sa vang ni berin an hmu a ni.

The Shew Project A-1 & A-3- a contract agreement siam company hming list-te

1. China Oilfield Service Ltd- China International

He Company neitu chu Nan Hai 2 a ni a, he lawngpui hian tunah A-3 khurah gas a lachhuak mek a, Daewoo chhut dan chuan ni sawmruk chhungin US$ maktaduai ruk (6 million) a thawkchhuak thei a ni.

2. Serica Energy- Canada International

He company neitu chu Galaxy Driller a ni a, kum 2005 atang khan A-1 leh A-3 atangin gas a lachhuak tan a ni. Serica company hian sumdawnna a nei zau hle a, Toronto leh London Stock Exchange-a AIM Market-ah leh Canada-a TSX Venture Exchange-ah pawh “SQZ” tih hmingin a lar hle a ni.

3. Helicoter NZ- New Zealand

He company-a engineer-te hi Daewoo-in ram leilung endik tur leh gas chhuahtheihna hmunte zawng tura a rawih an ni a, heng engineer-te hian Sitttew hotel-ah hmun an khur a, chuta tang chuan Yangon, Sittew leh Shew Field-te fangin an helicopter nen an thlawk kual reng a ni.

4. Swire Pacific Offshore- Singapore/ Hong Kong

He gas laihchhuahna “Pacific Rover” neitu chu John Swire & Sons (HK) Ltd kuthnuaia Swire Pacific Ltd. a ni.

5. Viking Engineering- Singapore/Sweden

He company neitu chu tuifinriat tui chuanga servey siam thin, “Emma” Sweden a ni a, Singapore-in a hawhchhawng hnuin kum 2006 September khan A-1-a thawk turin Daewoo chuan a ruai a ni.

6. Suz Tractebel- Belgium

He company hi India GAIL-in Burma ram atanga North East India dung zawha gas pipe line a zawmtheih nana leilung ram dinhmun endik tura a rawih a ni.

7. Ryder Soctt Co.- US

8. Snamprogetti- Italy

9. Frontier Drilling A/S- Norway

10. Atwood Oceanics Inc- Texas, US

Thursday, August 6, 2009

Time Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People of 2008

Time Magazine hian khawvela mi ropuite thlangchhuakin kumtin chawimawina a hlan thin a, kum 2008- pawh khan Time Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People of 2008 tiin mi ropui bikte a thlang a, chung mi ropuite zinga a langsar bikte chu:-

1. Al Gore
2. Bruce Springstein
3. Bona
4. Dalai Lama
5. Bill Gates
6. George Clooney
7. Nelson Mandela
8. Steve Jobs
9. Mark Zukerberg (Founder of the Facebook)
10. Will Smith
11. Aung San Suu Kyi
12. Chancellor Agela Merkel
13. Ben Bernanke (Chairman of the Federal Reserve)
14. Barack Obama 15. Hillary Cliton
16. Vladimir Putin
17. John McCain
18. Noam Chomsky
19. Nicolas Sarkozy
20. Hu Jintao
21. Nancy Pelosi
22. Rupert Murdoch
24. Pope Benedict XVI
25. Mahmoud Ahmedinejad
26. Kim Jon II
27. Wn Jabao-te an ni.

P.S.- Kum 2007-a Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto-i fapa Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari-a chu Time Magazine’s top 20-ah dah a ni a, US President Georger Bush-a te, Nelson Mandela-a te, singer Madonna-I te leh TV host Oprah Winfrey-a te ai pawhin point a hmu tam zawk a ni.

Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Viewpoint- Burma rama Economic Sanction hian engvang nge awmzia a neihtheih loh?

Zofate pawhin hrilhfiah ngai lo khawpa tlangnel tawh Sap thumal kan nei tam ta hle mai a, tun tuma economic sanction tih pawh hi kan tlangnel sa tawh a nih avangin kan hrilhfiah zau tawh lo mai ang a, a tawi thei ang bera sawi chuan, Civil Rights leh Human Rights ngai pawimawh lo leh International dan zawm duh lo ramte chunga hremna pek, ti mai ila kan fiah maiin ka ring.

North Korea leh Iran chunga US leh European Unions (EU) ten economic sanction an pek dante pawh kan hre hle tawh a, tun tumah erawh chuan Burma rama economic sanction kal zel dan tur leh Burma ram tihdanglam nan economic sanction hian awmzia a nei thei tak tak ang ngem tihte kan thlir ho dawn a ni.

Kum 1962 atang khan Burma ram chu sipai sawrkarna hnuaia awpbeh a ni a, sipai sawrkarin international dan a zawm duh loh avangin US leh EU-te chuan kum (10) chung zet economic sanction an pe tawh a, mahse vawin thleng hian Burma ram sawrkar hian international community-te nena thawh hova hmasawnna kawng zawh a tum chuang hauh lo a ni. Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek hian awmzia a neih loh chhan leh vang sawi tur tam tak awm mah se, Fiery Dragon: Moneylenders and Microfinance in Burma tih lehkhabu ziaktu Australia Macquarie University-a economic professor Lean Turnell-a chuan, “Burma ram hian international level-a sawmdawnna a neih tlem em avangin Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek hian Burma economy a tihdanglamtheih em em a rinawm loh a ni,” tiin a sawi.

US leh EU-te chuan Burma rama sumdawnna leh investment siam lo turin ram dangte danbeh tum thin mah se Burma rama natural gas, tlawrthing tha, rangkachak leh lung man to tam tak a awm avangin non-sanction ramte chuan Burma rama thiltha awmte (natural resourse) chu an hamthatna atana hman an tum theuh si a ni.

A bik takin China, Thailand leh Singapore-te hian Burma sipai sawrkar nen sumdawnna thahnem tawk tak an nei a. Burma ram thenawm hnai ber Thailand phei chuan kawng engkimah Burma a rinchhan a, Burma tuifinriat atanga an lakchhuah natural gas leh hydroelectric-te pawh 80% vel lai a lei a, kum 2007 lam pawh khan khawnvartui leh gas maktaduai sanghnih (2,000) chuang man a lei bawk a, chuchuan a ram chhunga electric energy hmanchhuah zat 20% vel a phuhru thei a ni. China pawhin a ram chhunga Burma natural gas a lakluhtheih nan Burma sawrkarah cheng tam tak a pe a, tunah hian Burma tuifinriat thlanglam atanga China ram thlanglam thlenga natural gas lakluhna tur gas pipe line project an buaipui mek a ni.

Sipai sawtkarin khawnvartui leh gas atanga sum a lak luh zat leh a hmanchhuah lehna te chu tuma hriat a ni lova, mithiamte chhut dan chuan heng an cheng hmuh zawng zawng hi Nyi Pya Daw khawpui siamna atan te, Cyber City buatsaihna atan te leh nuclear ralthuam leina atana hman a ni.

Kum 2008 khan ram dang atanga Burma rama khawnvartui leh gas lakchhuahna atana investment an hman zat chu US$ maktaduai (474.3) a ni a, kum 2007-a investment aiin a bin thumin a tam zawk daih a ni. Kum 2006 lam kha chuan Oil and Gas-a foreign investment chu US$ maktaduai za sawmthum leh pali (134) chauh a la ni a. Oil and Gas atana investment siamtute zingah Britain-in US$maktaduai 178 a nei a, investment nei tam ber a ni. A dawttuah India a ni a, a pathumnaah Singapore a ni. Oil and Gas lakchhuahna atana bungrua supply-tute zingah Thailand-in US$maktaduai 16.22, Germany-in US$maktaduai 2.5 a nei a, sangha lama sumdawnnaah North Korea-in US$maktaduai 12 vel investment a nei bawk a, Real Eastate, Tourism, Transportation leh Energy lamah erawh chuan investment thar dang siam a awm hran lo, tiin Ministry of National Project & Development chuan a tarlang a ni.

US leh EU-te chuan Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek a, lung man to an zawrhchhuah theih loh nana ram hruaitute visa pekchhuah loh etc.. tiin dan eng emaw zam teuh mah se tunah pawh hian US based CHEVRON leh France based TOTAL company-te chuan Burma ramah sumdawnna nasa tak an siam a, a chhan chu international community-ten tun anga pressure an pek hmaa remtihna (contract agreement) an lo siam fel tawh vang a ni. France Ministry of Foreign Affairs-a Mr. Bemark Kouchner-a pawhin Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek a nih pawhin Burma tuifianriat chung atanga nitin gas barrel nuai sawm leh pasarih (170,000) lachhuaktu TOTAL Company chunga hremna pek a nih loh tur thu a sawi a, TOTAL thuneitute pawhin 1998 atanga remtihna (contract agreement) siam tawh an nih thu leh contract agreement thar siam leh an nih loh thu chu tanchhan atan an hmang ve tlat a ni.

Burma tuifinriat chunga Yadana Natural Gas Project-ah hian TOTAL, CHEVRON leh the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) te an tel a, TOTAL hian join venture/share 31% a nei a, investment nei tam ber a ni. TOTAL in CNN-a report a pek dan chuan TOTAL in kum 2008 khan Burma sipai sawrkarah US$ maktaduai (250) chhiah (taxes) a pe a ni. CHEVRON hian engzat chiah nge investment a neih a, tax a pek tih hriat a ni lova, CNN-in phone leh email-a a zawh pawhin CNN chuan chhanletna engmah a dawng lo a ni. Amaherawhchu CHEVRON wedsite-in a tarlan dan chuan, “CHEVRON company atanga thil siamchhuahte atangin Burma mipui tam takten hamthatna leh hmasawnna tam tak an nei a, hlawkna tam tak an seng bawk a ni,” tiin a tarlang thung.

Heng company-te chhiah (taxes) pek dan leh pek zat chiah hi sawitheih mai a ni lova, join venture/share percentage (%) an neih tam leh tlem azirin an pe mai niin a lang. He Yadana Project atanga an lakchhuah natural gas 80% chu Thailand rama zawrchhuah a ni a, he gas hian Thailand rama electric energy hmanchhuah zat 20% vel a tihtlem phah a ni.

EU member zing atanga company thenkhatten Civil Rights leh Human Rights pawisa lo Burma rama investment an siam avangin EU pawhin mite dem leh sawisel a hlawh nasa hle a, mahse heng company-te hian remna leh muanna awm lo mah se gas leh oil awmna ram a nih phawt chuan investment an siam zel dawn tih a chiang a. EU President nihna chelh mek France ram atanga TOTAL-in Burma rama investment a siam avangin TOTAL chuan zawhna tam tak a dawng a, public affair hna chelhtu TOTAL Vice President Jean-Francois Lassalle-a erawh chuan, “Burma ramah hian hnathawh dan tha, sumdawn dan tha leh inawp dan tha inzirtir a, a ram mipuiten dik tak leh hlawk taka hnathawn dan an thiam nana kawng kawhhmuh hi kan tum lian ber chu a ni. Tunah pawh hian kan hnathawktute pawhin hlawkna leh hmasawnna tam tak an nei tawh a, Burma ramah pawh hian Europe khawmuala kan kepen dan ang thova, kepen zel kan tum a ni,” tiin mahni hmaifai nan a sawi ve thung a ni. TOTAL hian Burma ram hmun hrang hrangah damdawi a thlawnin a sem a, zirna lamah pawh tanpuina cheng tam tak a pe bawk a ni. Damdawiin leh fahrah naupangte enkawlna atan pawh tanpuina cheng tam tak a pe bawk a, TOTAL company-in a chhut dan chuan mi singnga (50,000) chuangten TOTAL atangin tanpuina leh hlawkna an dawng a ni.

Kan fiahtheih nan a hnuaiah hian Yadana Natural Gas Project-a investment neite hming list leh join venture/share (%) an neih zat kan tarlang ang a, chhinchhiah tumin i han thlir vang vang teh ang u.

Yadana Project Corporate Partners

1. TOTAL- 31% (France based)
2. CHEVRON- 28% (US based)
3. PTT (Petroleum Authority of Thailand)- 25%
4. .O.G.E (Myanmar Oil M and Gas Enterprise)-15% (En teh, i tuarna ve em! Heivang hi alawm mei a lo kal lo i tih fova, rei tak tak gas la tura Ni sa kara i nghah reng thin ni.)

Kan Burma ram hi natural gas, rangkachak leh lung man to tam em em na ram ni mah se Asia ram zinga ram rethei ber leh hnufual ber a ni a, tun hmaa Asia ram rethei bera kan ngaih Vietnam pawhin tax free a hawng a, investment siam turin ram tam tak a sawm a, tunah chuan Burma ram a khum nasa tawh hle a ni. Mithiamte chhut dan chuan Burma ram population maktaduai 65-te zingah 30% vel chuan nikhatah US$ 1 vel an hlawh thei a, rethei takin an la kahwsa a ni.

Burma ram chunga economic sanction siam hian Burma ram inawp dan a tidanglam dawn lo tih chu hun kal tawh leh kan hun tawn mek atanga thlirin a fiah mai a, economic sanction avanga kan ram hruiatute ni lova, a ram mipuite kan rethei telh telh zawk avang hian thlirtu tam tak chuan economic sanction pek ai mahin Burma ram hruaitute mimal bank accounts kharsak dan ngaihtuah hi thil pawimawh tak zawk niin an hmu.

Burma sipai sawarkar hruaitute chuan khawvel ram hrang hrangah overseas bank account tam tak an nei a, heng an bank accounts kharsak a nih hma chuan economic sanction hian awmzia a neih theih tak tak a rinawm loh a ni. Southeast Asia thlirtu mithiamte zinga non-profit Asia Society atanga Jamie Melzl-a chuan, “Burma ram hruaitute mimal bank accounts kharsak chu thil tha tak ni mah se Burma ram chhunga buaina rapthlak tak a chhuahtheih avangin kan fimkhur a tul hle dawn a ni. Hetianga Burma sipai sawrkar hruaitute mimal bank accounts kharsak kan tum tak tak a nih chuan Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) tanpuina nasa tak kan mamawh ang a, a bik takin Burma ram nena sumdawnna nei nasa ber Thailand leh Singapore-te tanpuina kan mamawh dawn a ni. Burma ram hruaitute chuan ram dang dangah an bank accounts sawn dan ngaihtuah mah se ASEAN member zing atanga a bik taka Thailand leh Singapore-te tanpuina kaltlanga an bank accounts kan khar thei a nih chuan engemaw chen chu thatna leh danglamna pawh a awm ngei a rinawm a ni,” tiin a sawi.

Amaherawhchu Burma ram thenawmthate leh ASEAN ten Burma ram chunga an thinlung put dan dik tak leh thiltih dante hi en ila, sipai sawrkar tihausa thur thurtu chu anmahni hi an ni tlat a, Burma ram chunga economic sanction pek ai mahin Burma ram nena sumdawnna tam tak siam a, Burma ram chhunga thiltha awm (natural resourse) zawng zawng thiarchhuah vek hi an tum a ni tlat a, chuvangchuan Burma ram chunga hian harsh diplomacy aiin soft diplomacy hman an thlang zawk dawn tih chu thil chiang sa a ni.

Heng zawng zawngte hi sipai sawrkarin mipuite hriat lova, a ruka a tih a nih avangin Orange Revolution-ah pawh khan Buddhist monk leh mipui tam tak an thih phah a, a ruka an thiltih zawng zawng hriatchhuah an hlauh avangin Nargis thlipui avanga mangangte tanpui tura lo kal lungpuite pawh kha an lo hnar vek a, hetiang khawpa mipuite mangannate hi khawnvartui leh gas duh avagnin China , Thailand leh India te chuan “pawi” tih thu pawh sawi lovin an ka an hupbet hmiah mai a ni. Chuvangchuan US, EU leh ASEAN-te chuah ni lovin khawvel ram zawng zawngten Burma zalenna atana tan an lak loh phawt chuan Burma ram chunga economic sanction tih fo hian engtikah mah awmzia a neih theih tak tak a rinawm lo a ni.

(NB: He article-ah hian a bik taka economic sanction leh Yadana Project chungchang chauh tarlan a ni a, a sei lutuk ka hlauh avangin Burma-China, Burma-India, Burma-Korea (Daewoo Internation), Burma-Russia-te indawrtawnna, The Shew Project leh ram ri sumdawnna (boarder trade) lam tarlan a ni lo.)

Shew Gas Bulletin, June18, 2008, Vol. 3, Issue 4
Shew Gas Bulletin, June 21, 2008
CNN by Paulin Chiou, Hong Kong

Tuesday, August 4, 2009

Burma Nuclear Thuruk

Burma sipai sawrkar chuan kum 5 chhunga nuclear siamna khawl pakhat leh nuclear siam nana hmarua (Plotonium) tihfaina khawl pakhat siam a tum avangin he project atan hian North Korea-in Burma a tanpui mek a ni tih chanchin chu Syney Morning Herald chuan a tarlang a ni.

Burma sipai hruaituten Nuclear siam an tumna hmun hi hriatfiah chiah a la ni lova, mi thenkhat chuan Burma hmar lama Naung Hlain tlangah a rukin an siam tan tawh a ni tiin an sawi a ni. He chanchin rapthlak tak hi khawvel chanchin bu ropui tak taka tarlan vek a ni lova, Australia National University-a research siamtu Desmon Ball- leh chanchin bu mi Phil Torton-a ten Burma sipai kuthnuai atanga Thanland ram ri lam pana tlanchhiate an lo zawh atanga an ziah a ni a, journalist Phil Torton-a chuan he chanchin hi chanchin dik tak nia a hriat avangin BBC-ah a sawi ta a ni.

Saturday, August 1, 2009

Viewpoint: Burma leh North Korea-te indawrtawnna

Burma leh North Korea-ten tun hnaia ralthuam lama indawrtawnna leh Nuclear research lama inzawmtawnna an siam avangin hetiang lama Burma leh North Korea-te inzawmtawnna hi ASEAN ramte tana thil hlawhawm a nihtheih thu chu tum tum Thailand rama South East Asian Prime Minister-ho rorelnaah khan US State Secretary Hillary Rodman Cliton-i chuan a sawi a ni.

July 21 khan Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajava-a leh Clinton-i te chu Bankok-ah an inhmu a, Cliton-i chuan, “Burma ramin hmasawnna kawng zawh a tum loh avangin Burma ram hruaitute dinhmun tihdanglam tumin tunah hian Burma ram thenawmte nen hna kan thawk tlang mek a ni. Tun hnaia North Korea nena an thiltihte hian ASEAN ramte a nghawr ang bawkin US pawh Burma chungah a thinrim hle a ni,” tiin a sawi a ni. US leh Thailand ramten inzawmna tha an neih avangin Thailand chungah pawh Burma a lawm lo hle a, hmelma ang taka a thenawm hnena thu a sawi chang pawh a tam tawh hle a ni. Burma chuan Thailand atanga US sipaite an rawn luh mai a hlauh avangin inbuatsaihna nasa tak a siam a, an inralring reng bawk a ni.

May 25, Thawhtan Ni khan North Korea chuan a nuclear a chhin leh a, chumi avang chuan UN Security Council-in North Korea chungah sanction thar a siam leh a, North Korea a lungawi loh avangin UN Security Council cho nan a lawngpui chu Burma ramah a kaltir a, he thil avang hian US pawhin Burma leh North Korea-te indawrtawnna chu chik takin a enthla reng a ni.

International community-ten Burma chunga rinhlehna an neih mek laiin Burma sipaiten lei hnuaia an siam thlan ropui tak tak thlalakte pawh khawvel hmuha phochhuah a ni a, sipai hruaitute zinga nihna sang ber 3-na General Sui Man-an North Korea tlawh a tum thute pawh mitin hriat a nih avangin khawvel ram hruaitute pawh Burma chungah an thinrim nasa hle a ni.

Burma leh North Korea indawrtawnna phenah hian Russia leh China te an awm tlat niin thirtu tam tak chuan an sawi a, Burma ram hruaituten Russia ramah kum 2000 atang khan sipai zirlai mi 1000 chuang a thawnchhuak tan tawh a ni. Hetainga Russia-in Burma leh North Korea indawrtawnnaa tanpuina a lo pek zel hi US in engangin nge a rawn tih dawn tih a hriat duh vang niin mi tam tak chuan an thlir bawk a ni.